INSTRUMENT RATING - AEROPLANES
Instrument Rating refers to the qualifications that a pilot must have in order to fly under Instrument Flight Rules (IFR).
If you want to become a professional pilot or fly long distances as a private pilot in advers weather or just in clouds without ground contact you must possess Instrument rating.
COURSE ENTRY REQUIREMENTS:
- Minimum age of 18 years
- At least PPL (A) (Private Pilot License) holder
- Night Rating
- Prior to the final practical skill test to have at least 50 PIC navigational flight hours
- English language skills
- The privileges of a holder of an IR are to fly aircraft under IFR with a minimum decision height of 200 feet (60 m).
The module course covers at least 150 hours of instruction.
MAIN THEORETICAL SUBJECTS:
- Air law and ATC procedures;
- Flight Planning and Planning;
- Human Performance and limitations;
- Radio Navigation;
- IFR Communications.
Basic instrument flight module:
- Basic instrument flight without external visual cues - horizontal flights, climbing, descending, turns in level flight, climbing, descending;
- Instrument pattern;
- Steep turn;
- Radio navigation;
- Recovery from unusual attitudes;
- Limited panel;
- Recognition and recovery from incipient and full stalls.
Procedural instrument flight module:
- Pre-flight procedures for IFR flights, including the use of the flight manual and appropriate air traffic services documents in the preparation of an IFR flight plan;
- Procedure and maneuvers for IFR operation under normal, abnormal and emergency conditions;
- Transition from visual to instrument flight on take off;
- Standard instrument departures and arrivals;
- En route IFR procedures;
- Holding procedures;
- Instrument approaches to specified minima;
- Missed approach procedures;
- Landings from instrument approaches, including circling;
- In flight maneuvers and particular flight characteristics.
EXAMINATION – PRACTICAL
The practical skill exam is performed in flight with the authorized CAA examiner and can be taken after successful completion of the written tests at the CAA authority.
The applicant must demonstrate the ability to:
- operate the airplane/helicopter within its limitations;
- complete all maneuvers as smooth and as accurate as possible;
- exercise good judgment and airmanship;
- apply aeronautical knowledge;
- maintain control of the airplane at all times.
The IR(A) can be obtained in a range period starting from two months depending on the trainees time availability for both theoretical and practical training.